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  • Posted April 24, 2013

    Linux is a FREE operating system (Windows - Mac)

    99% of all computer users can find everything they need in Linux. Only a few specialized programs that run only in Windows or Mac, that you may need for work. Would be the only reason for not using Linux 100% of the time.

    Most common Linux to switch from Windows or Mac to Linux, would be Ubuntu.

    Ubuntu
    When you download Ubuntu, there will be different versions. 32bit, 64bit, newest version supported for 18 months, new
    version ( missing some bells & whistles) supported for 5 years.

    Not to worry it will say which version does what.

    You can download Ubuntu, run it off the CD (LIVE CD), to test and see if you like it. Then it will have an option to install it, on the Live CD Desktop. You will also be given the choice to install it next to windows. Then on start
    up you have a choice of which to use.

    It has everything you have in windows plus some:
    internet browsers, firefox, chromium, opera, open office (libre office), video encoders, mp3 - music converters, video players, burning software, games (Steam), disk partitioning tools... Way to many things to write down :)
    And if you don't see it, check for addon's there are thousands!

    Take a Tour of Ubuntu
    http://www.ubuntu.com/desktop/take-the-tour
    Ubuntu home http://www.ubuntu.com/

    Now for the downside:
    If you are running raid (multiple hard drives combined for speed or safety)
    99.99% of personal computers (includes mac PC's PC = Personal Computer) DO NOT RUN RAID
    You can still install it, but I would only recommend that if you're a super geek :) The problem is not Linux, the problem is the raid provider not giving the Linux community access to the driver files.

    Next problem is Nvidia video cards, if you are running more then one card. SLI (2 video cards), TRI-SLI (3 video cards) or Quad SLI (4 video cards).
    Again you will have driver problems. I wouldn't do it unless you're a super geek :) Again the problem is Nvidia, not letting the Linux community have access to their drivers. But Nvidia is now offering Linux drivers (they don't work well with any SLI)

    A list of easy to use Linux OS's that are very close to how Windows & Mac work. But of course MUCH better then either Windows or Mac!

    Debian
    The Debian Project is an association of individuals who have made common cause to create a free operating system. This operating system that we have created is called Debian.

    An operating system is the set of basic programs and utilities that make your computer run. At the core of an operating system is the kernel. The kernel is the most fundamental program on the computer and does all the basic housekeeping and lets you start other programs.

    Debian systems currently use the Linux kernel or the FreeBSD kernel. Linux is a piece of software started by Linus Torvalds and supported by thousands of programmers worldwide. FreeBSD is an operating system including a kernel and other software.

    However, work is in progress to provide Debian for other kernels, primarily for the Hurd. The Hurd is a collection of servers that run on top of a microkernel (such as Mach) to implement different features. The Hurd is free software produced by the GNU project.

    A large part of the basic tools that fill out the operating system come from the GNU project; hence the names: GNU/Linux, GNU/kFreeBSD, and GNU/Hurd. These tools are also free.

    Of course, the thing that people want is application software: programs to help them get what they want to do done, from editing documents to running a business to playing games to writing more software. Debian comes with over 51000 packages (precompiled software that is bundled up in a nice format for easy installation on your machine), a package manager (APT), and other utilities that make it possible to manage thousands of packages on thousands of computers as easily as installing a single application. All of it free.

    It's a bit like a tower. At the base is the kernel. On top of that are all the basic tools. Next is all the software that you run on the computer. At the top of the tower is Debian — carefully organizing and fitting everything so it all works together.
    https://www.debian.org 

    Mint based on Ubuntu
    The purpose of Linux Mint is to produce a modern, elegant and comfortable operating system which is
    both powerful and easy to use.

    Started in 2006, Linux Mint is now the 4th most widely used home operating system behind Microsoft
    Windows, Apple Mac OS and Canonical's Ubuntu.

    Some of the reasons for the success of Linux Mint are:
    It works out of the box, with full multimedia support and is extremely easy to use.
    It's both free of cost and open source.
    It's community-driven. Users are encouraged to send feedback to the project so that their
    ideas can be used to improve Linux Mint.
    Based on Debian and Ubuntu, it provides about 30,000 packages and one of the best software
    managers.
    It's safe and reliable. Thanks to a conservative approach to software updates, a unique
    Update Manager and the robustness of its Linux architecture, Linux Mint requires very
    little maintenance (no regressions, no antivirus, no anti-spyware...etc).
    http://www.linuxmint.com 

    Fedora
    Fedora is a Linux-based operating system, a collection of software that makes your computer run. You can use Fedora in addition to, or instead of, other operating systems such as Microsoft Windows™ or Mac OS X™. The Fedora operating system is completely free of cost for you to enjoy and share.

    The Fedora Project is the name of a worldwide community of people who love, use, and build free software. We want to lead in the creation and spread of free code and content by working together as a community. Fedora is sponsored by Red Hat, the world's most trusted provider of open source technology. Red Hat invests in Fedora to encourage collaboration and incubate innovative new free software technologies.
    http://fedoraproject.org 

    There are many different versions of Linux, most are free, secure and virus free :)

    I guess that over 70% of the web sites you visit daily run on a Linux Server. Most of big businesses run Linux servers. All my websites including the Happy As Is server are running on Linux, The NEW server for Happy As Is will be running Centos 6.4 Linux :)

    Some of the Linux downloads are very slow on their sites so I have added them to mine.
    http://beast-usa.com/downloads/linux/linuxdownloads.html 
    If you use Slimjet "Turbo Download" or a download manager for speed they should download around 9 MB/s!
    Debian for one is a great OS but the download speed on their website is around 130 KB/s. :(

    If you have questions or need help just ask!

  • Posted October 29, 2013
    What is Ultimate Edition 3.6?
    Ultimate Edition 3.6 was built from the ground up debootstrapped from the Ubuntu 12.10 Quantal Quetzal tree. This was the first time I have done this. I have discovered in doing so that it makes for a tighter release as can be seen in the Lite version a CD in size and fairly loaded considering the size. The release boots in under 6 secs on my PC.

    Ultimate Edition 3.6 (not the lite version) has a comprehensive set of software packages. Mate 1.6.0 is the default desktop environment (DE).

    Best over all for most software, games, running windows programs inside linux.
    http://ultimateedition.info/ultimate-edition/ultimate_edition_3-6

    To test on a live cd, just boot to any Linux disc, choose Live CD or Test.

    Ubuntu regular can know be installed inside windows just like any other program.
    So it's like running Office, Photo Shop and can be uninstalled from Control Panel.

    http://www.ubuntu.com
  • Posted July 28, 2015
    Back on dual boot :jump: Ubuntu 14.04.2 LTS & Windows 8 Pro.

    It took sometime to get Linux to boot LOL The Windows 8, 8.1 & 10 boot loaders don't want to play nice with Linux!

    But with the mess they have made of Windows 8.1 & Windows 10 :( When they drop support for Windows 8 and if they haven't dumped all the forced logged into MS, METRO HUGE START MENU, SLOW PERFORMANCE... I'm pretty much done with Windows.

    I have most of the stuff I use daily-hourly LOL installed on Ubuntu x64. The Nvidia drivers were a little harder this time. :( The drivers that come with 14.04.2 LTS are before my Video card was released (300). You can install up to 333 pretty easy, but any 700 series or higher won't run on those either. :(

    But I did get 352's installed :) with a little sudo here and sudo there!
    Slimjet x64 with FVD speed dial, Privacy Badger, Adblocker :) VLC, TeamViewer, dual monitors lol see's my 32 inch monitors as 7 inch LOLOLOL

    So far all is good looking for FREE graphics software :) GIMP image editor comes installed and it's OK but not as good as MS PUB! :D (Just for Anne)

    Still working out a few bugs :( My mouse on the slowest setting IS INSANE if I look at it it jumps of the desk and runs out the door!
  • Posted July 29, 2015
    Well once I got rid of the Unity mess :) just more mobile junk. I'm using Gnome so much nicer! Uninstalled Libre Office and installed Apache Open Office, added a few more things :) I'm really liking Ubuntu 14!
    Very very FAST! VLC movies look 200% sharper in Linux.

    I have almost all my stuff working no MS PUB :( but I do have dual boot if I need to use windows LOL.

    Steam is setup :) on to TeamSpeak :)

    One thing that is bad :( When you're searching for software to replace it's windows counter part 98.9% of the software is all FREE! :D
  • Posted July 31, 2015
    This will be a long post LOL

    First you will need to download and install the basic Ubuntu with the horrible Unity
    (Mobile desktop can't customize much)
    http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop

    Then burn it to a CD or setup USB install (I used USB faster install and Live test drive)
    Have it install next to Windows or on it's own hard drive. I put it on it's own Crucial M550 SSD.
    Using dual boot Windows 8 Pro & Xubuntu. (BCD EDIT)

    First here is a screen shot of the built-in FREE photo editer and my customized desktops.
    And yes you can have desktops that change backgrounds as often as 1 minute.
    This is both of my monitors :) You can see on the left I have put all open programs
    on the top and all applications, folder short cuts, time date... on the bottom. Of course
    all my menus are also customized! And movies in VLC in Linux are SO MUCH nicer looking!
    This Xubuntu (click to see a larger picture)


    Next here are a bunch commands to help you add things without spending
    DAYS in DUCKDUCKGO searching! Yes some of us find things WITHOUT google! :D

    Remember with Linux EVERYTHING works out of the box and you have the internet!
    But if you're running fairly new hardware you will need to get and install new drivers
    Ubuntu will have drivers just not the newest :( Like for Nvidia newest are 333 which are
    older then my video card. But not to worry there are people out there making the drivers
    days after Nvidia releases them! (You can also download them from Nvidia)

    ANYTIME YOU UPGRADE ANY PPA DRIVERS YOU NEED TO DO THIS.
    This will revert it back to the original driver from Ubuntu
    (MOST OF THESE ARE TERMINAL COMMANDS)
    sudo apt-get install ppa-purge
    sudo ppa-purge ppa:
    You can see what you have installed with this.
    history | grep add-apt-repository

    If you have a newer video card you will need new drivers to get the full use of your card.
    install nvidia drivers.
    (Upgrading run this first) sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
    sudo add-apt-repository ppa:xorg-edgers/ppa
    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get install nvidia-352 nvidia-settings
    sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

    Stable only updates
    (Upgrading run this first) sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
    sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-x-swat/x-updates
    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get install
    sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

    If anything goes wrong and Ubuntu won't boot after the install use a Live CD
    Choose "Recovery Console"
    This will remount root file system as writable
    $ mount -o remount,rw /

    This will remove all nvidia packages
    $ apt-get purge nvidia*


    Sound Drivers (Only if needed - Don't fix it if it's not broken)
    sudo apt-get install dkms
    sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-audio-dev
    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

    sudo apt-get remove --purge alsa-base pulseaudio
    sudo apt-get install alsa-base pulseaudio
    sudo alsa force-reload (or just restart to see changes)

    Un-install libre Office and Install Apache Open Office. Apache is just so MUCH BETTER!
    Official repository
    sudo apt-get remove --purge libreoffice*

    Remove deb package
    sudo dpkg -P libreoffice

    Install Apache Open Office. First you need to download it.
    Then open a Terminal Window (if you downloaded to your Downloads folder)
    cd Downloads
    username:~/Downloads tar -xvzf "linux package name".tar.gz
    cd Downloads/en-US/DEBS
    OR cd Downloads - cd en-US - cd DEBS

    sudo dpkg -i *.deb
    Password: ******
    cd desktop-integration (username:~/Downloads/en-US/DEBS/desktop-integration)
    sudo dpkg -i *.deb
    Now you have a nice functioning Office program and NO MORE LIBRE! :)

    Installing other Distro's :) After the install log out, choose from the list log back in!
    sudo apt-get update (always run this first)
    sudo apt-get install xubuntu-desktop (What I'm using very fast everything can be customized
    NO UNITY - NO FAVORITES - NO LIBRARIES! I select my drive, click THE REAL FOLDER I WANT, no
    logging into Ubuntu first!)
    sudo apt-get install kubuntu-desktop (KDE)
    sudo apt-get install ubuntustudio-desktop ubuntustudio-audio ubuntustudio-audio-plugins ubuntustudio-graphics
    ubuntustudio-video (you will want all of them and may need to istall one at a time)
    sudo apt-get install lubuntu-desktop (Very lite made for tablets, laptops)
    sudo apt-get install edubuntu-desktop
    Edubuntu provides application bundles that group educational software by grade level.
    You can install from the Education category in the "Software Center" entry in the
    Applications menu or installing the following packages using your favorite package manager:
    ubuntu-edu-preschool - Preschool
    ubuntu-edu-primary - Primary ( ages 6-12) educational application bundle
    ubuntu-edu-secondary - Secondary ( ages 13-18) educational application bundle
    ubuntu-edu-tertiary - Tertiary ( university level ) educational application bundle

    If you like Gnome - I also use this one but I'm liking Xubuntu the best.
    sudo apt-get install xorg gnome-core gnome-system-tools gnome-app-install

    To remove them:
    sudo apt-get install --no-install-recommends xubuntu-desktop

    Mouse Speed. :)
    If you have a 3200 DPI or higher mouse most likely you will need to do this.
    First go to Settings Mouse and Touchpad and see if you can slow it down. For me 6400 DPI
    the slowest setting was twice the speed of light! LOL
    Find Device Name in Terminal - use either device name "My Really Fast Mouse" or ID# "8"
    xinput --list --short (will show you your mouse & keyboard names)
    xinput --set-prop "8" "Device Accel Constant Deceleration" 3
    (test different numbers until you find one the works for you 1 to 5 should do it)

    Use a text editor and save as .sh (gedit will not work) mousepad worked for me.
    #!/bin/bash
    # My Fast Mouse speed (Just so you what it does)
    xinput --set-prop "8" "Device Accel Constant Deceleration" 3
    You will need to save it to Documents or another folder, change type of file to sh.
    mouse-fix.sh

    Next move it to the Bin folder open a terminal window.
    useranme:~/$ cd Documents (or what ever folder you saved the file to)
    username:~/Documents$ sudo mv mouse-fix /usr/bin
    Then go to that folder and right click on the file you just made, properties,
    select Allow this file to run as a program.

    Then go to Settings/Sessions and Startup click add, look for your mouse-fix where ever
    you decided to keep it. Give it a name and description, click OK Now your mouse should run
    at normal speeds on start up :)

    As always any questions just ask. :)
  • Posted August 17, 2015
    Killing a non-responsive program in Linux :)

    Most know ctrl+alt+delete for Windows will open the task manger.

    In Linux it's still pretty easy :)

    Open a Terminal Window.
    In the command line type ps -A
    Hit the enter key that will show you all the things running on your system.
    Then there are two ways to shut it down.
    Look for it's ID "4444"
    In the command line type killall 4444
    Hit the enter key.

    If that doesn't work (I use this one)
    (python3 is the name of the running program so it will be what ever you're trying to close. gedit, firefox, slimjet...)
    In the command line type killall python3
    Hit enter and it will close :)
  • Posted August 23, 2015
    If you need to run or test Windows while in Linux :)

    Monitor 1 Desktop 1 (You can have as many desktops as you like in Linux)
    You can see all my Virtual Machines :)


    Monitor 2 Desktop 1
    Windows 8 Pro x64


    Spinny come to the Xubuntu side :)
  • Posted September 11, 2015
    I updated the beast-usa.com Linux page.

    I added ISO's to download for:
    CentOS 64bit
    Fendora 32 & 64bit
    Mint Cinnamon 32 & 64bit
    openSUSE 32 & 64bit
    Ubuntu
    Ubuntu Ultimate 32 & 64bit (has problems with Nvidia video cards)

    http://www.beast-usa.com/downloads/linux/linuxdownloads.html
  • Posted October 26, 2015
    How to dual boot Linux (the easy way) with Windows 8, 8.1 or 10

    You can put it on a single drive multiple partition or two drives.
    FIRST Dump the UEFI boot & Secure boot, boot legacy, set your sata drives to RAID but don't create a raid partition.

    If you're using a single drive create one NTFS partion on the back of the drive. Install Windows 8, 8.junk or 10 on the front of the drive (IN THE FREE SPACE) it will make both of it's partitions. 100 to 200meg system
    partition & the windows operating system.

    After Windows is installed delete the NTFS partition you created on the back of the drive. Install EASY BCD, boot to a Linux CD or DVD. Tell it to use the free space on the back of the drive (It will make all necessary partitions. I did make mine manually so I could have a smaller swap file partition) By default it will load the Linux boot loader, if windows still boots you're done! But we are talking about Windows LOL If not put the Window DVD back in and repair windows. Then in Easy BCD create a boot for Linux using one of the built in boot loaders for Linux normally works fine.

    I have two SSD's so the windows boot loader is on one and the Linux boot loader is on the other. I still boot using the boot menu I made in Easy BCD first then choose either Windows 8 or Xubuntu.

    UEFI gives windows access to your bios to let windows help you boot, power manage, control your computer because you're not smart enough LOL ACHI & UEFI will give you access to new features you will never use on your hard drives LOL. But all those features have been built into RAID for the last decade so you lose nothing and gain speed. :) I have the benchmark differences somewhere in The Geeks Corner.

    So NO secure boot, NO UEFI (about a 70 to 125 MB/s boost in drive speed), Legacy & Raid with no raid partitions. And you will have no problem dual booting Windows 8, 8.junk or 10. :)


    You just can't install it on intel raid PARTITIONS :( that's why I run it on different drives. If and when I totally dump windows I will put the two SSD's back in raid 0. Just can't do Raid 0 with windows & linux.

    I don't like the unity desktop so I use Xubuntu/KDE so easy in Ubuntu terminal window and five minutes and it's like having a new OS. :)

    Any Question just ask :)
  • Posted January 6, 2016
    Have you ever restored a Linux image?
    Then the horrible repairing of GRUB/2 LOL :D

    Well those days are gone!:yippy

    This cool little tool for 32bit or 64bit, USB, CD or DVD will fix it in a couple minutes!
    If you use Linux you will want this! :)

    boot-repair-disk
    A rescue disk that includes the Boot Repair tool

    http://sourceforge.net/projects/boot-repair-cd/files/