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Ubuntu 20.04 LTS - Xubuntu 20.04 LTS - Samba Share with no GUI.

  • Ubuntu 20.04 and it's offspring (Xubuntu, Mint...) neglected to add the repositories for the GUI which makes it super simple to use.
    But these instructions should also make it very simple to do. No not as fast or easy as the GUI but if you need it it's pretty fast and super easy. 

    This is for sharing on your computer NOT SETTING UP A SAMBA SERVER.

    Open your favorite Terminal then type or copy and paste these in.
    First Stop Samba:
    Type or copy and paste this hit enter: sudo service smbd stop

    Then back-up the original file just in case.
    Type or copy and paste this hit enter: sudo cp /etc/samba/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf_backup

    Then edit the samba config file.
    Type or copy and paste this hit enter: sudo nano /etc/samba/smb.conf

    You should see something like this.

    # Sample configuration file for the Samba suite for Debian GNU/Linux.
    # This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
    # smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
    # here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options most of which
    # are not shown in this example
    # Some options that are often worth tuning have been included as
    # commented-out examples in this file.
    # - When such options are commented with ";", the proposed setting
    # differs from the default Samba behaviour
    # - When commented with "#", the proposed setting is the default
    # behaviour of Samba but the option is considered important
    # enough to be mentioned here
    # NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command
    # "testparm" to check that you have not made any basic syntactic
    # errors.

    #======================= Global Settings =======================


    ## Browsing/Identification ###

    # Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of
    workgroup = WORKGROUP

    # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
    server string = %h server (Samba, Ubuntu)

    # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
    # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server
    # wins support = no

    # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
    # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
    ; wins server = w.x.y.z

    # This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.
    dns proxy = no

    #### Networking ####

    # The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to
    # This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;
    # interface names are normally preferred
    ; interfaces = eth0

    # Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the
    # 'interfaces' option above to use this.
    # It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is
    # not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself. However, this
    # option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.
    ; bind interfaces only = yes

    #### Debugging/Accounting ####

    # This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
    # that connects
    log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

    # Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).
    max log size = 1000

    # If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following
    # parameter to 'yes'.
    # syslog only = no

    # We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything
    # should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log
    # through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.
    syslog = 0

    # Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace
    panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d

    ####### Authentication #######

    # Server role. Defines in which mode Samba will operate. Possible
    # values are "standalone server", "member server", "classic primary
    # domain controller", "classic backup domain controller", "active
    # directory domain controller".
    # Most people will want "standalone sever" or "member server".
    # Running as "active directory domain controller" will require first
    # running "samba-tool domain provision" to wipe databases and create a
    # new domain.
    server role = standalone server

    # If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what
    # password database type you are using.
    ; passdb backend = tdbsam

    obey pam restrictions = yes

    # This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix
    # password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the
    # passdb is changed.
    unix password sync = yes

    # For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following
    # parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan < for
    # sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).
    passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
    passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .

    # This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes
    # when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in
    # 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.
    pam password change = yes

    # This option controls how unsuccessful authentication attempts are mapped
    # to anonymous connections
    map to guest = bad user

    ########## Domains ###########

    # The following settings only takes effect if 'server role = primary
    # classic domain controller', 'server role = backup domain controller'
    # or 'domain logons' is set

    # It specifies the location of the user's
    # profile directory from the client point of view) The following
    # required a [profiles] share to be setup on the samba server (see
    # below)
    ; logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U
    # Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory
    # (this is Samba's default)
    # logon path = \\%N\%U\profile

    # The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
    # It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client
    # point of view)
    ; logon drive = H:
    # logon home = \\%N\%U

    # The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
    # It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored
    # in the [netlogon] share
    # NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention
    ; logon script = logon.cmd

    # This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
    # RPC pipe. The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix
    # password; please adapt to your needs
    ; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u

    # This allows machine accounts to be created on the domain controller via the
    # SAMR RPC pipe.
    # The following assumes a "machines" group exists on the system
    ; add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -g machines -c "%u machine account" -d /var/lib/samba -s /bin/false %u

    # This allows Unix groups to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
    # RPC pipe.
    ; add group script = /usr/sbin/addgroup --force-badname %g

    ############ Misc ############

    # Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
    # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
    # of the machine that is connecting
    ; include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m

    # Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges
    # for something else.)
    ; idmap uid = 10000-20000
    ; idmap gid = 10000-20000
    ; template shell = /bin/bash

    # Setup usershare options to enable non-root users to share folders
    # with the net usershare command.

    # Maximum number of usershare. 0 (default) means that usershare is disabled.
    ; usershare max shares = 100

    # Allow users who've been granted usershare privileges to create
    # public shares, not just authenticated ones
    usershare allow guests = yes

    #======================= Share Definitions =======================

    # Un-comment the following (and tweak the other settings below to suit)
    # to enable the default home directory shares. This will share each
    # user's home directory as \\server\username
    ; comment = Home Directories
    ; browseable = no

    # By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the
    # next parameter to 'no' if you want to be able to write to them.
    ; read only = yes

    # File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
    # create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
    ; create mask = 0700

    # Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
    # create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
    ; directory mask = 0700

    # By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone
    # with access to the samba server.
    # Un-comment the following parameter to make sure that only "username"
    # can connect to \\server\username
    # This might need tweaking when using external authentication schemes
    ; valid users = %S

    # Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
    # (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
    ; comment = Network Logon Service
    ; path = /home/samba/netlogon
    ; guest ok = yes
    ; read only = yes

    # Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store
    # users profiles (see the "logon path" option above)
    # (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
    # The path below should be writable by all users so that their
    # profile directory may be created the first time they log on
    ; comment = Users profiles
    ; path = /home/samba/profiles
    ; guest ok = no
    ; browseable = no
    ; create mask = 0600
    ; directory mask = 0700

    comment = All Printers
    browseable = no
    path = /var/spool/samba
    printable = yes
    ; guest ok = no
    ; read only = yes
    create mask = 0700

    # Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable
    # printer drivers
    comment = Printer Drivers
    path = /var/lib/samba/printers
    ; browseable = yes
    ; read only = yes
    ; guest ok = no
    # Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.
    # You may need to replace 'lpadmin' with the name of the group your
    # admin users are members of.
    # Please note that you also need to set appropriate Unix permissions
    # to the drivers directory for these users to have write rights in it
    ; write list = root, @lpadmin


    # Add the drive or folder/s you would like to share "[software] (The Share Name)"
    # To share just one folder on the drive it would look like this path = /media/YOUR USERNAME/software/linux
    # You can copy and paste the settings below and just add you share name, username, the drive or folder you want to share.
    # Add as many entries as you would like to share leaving a single line space between each entry.

    path = /media/YOUR USERNAME/software
    writeable = yes
    ; browseable = yes
    valid users = YOUR USERNAME

    Then hit the Ctrl key + x when it asks you to save the file say Y = YES
    Then it will ask the name to save it as don't change anything just hit enter.

    Then run these:
    Restart Samba
    Type or copy and paste this hit enter: sudo service smbd restart - sudo systemctl restart smbd

    Add user and password to Samba: (If you have more then one user run this for each user)
    Type or copy and paste this hit enter: sudo smbpasswd -a YOUR USERNAME
    Type in a password (this should be your log into linux password - hit the enter key)
    Retype password hit the enter key.

    You should see this:
    Added user YOUR USERNAME.

    Go to Networking and look for the NAME OF YOUR COMPUTER
    All done you should be able to see and access your shared drives and or folders on any Linux, Windows 7, 8, 8.1 computer, laptop, tablet.

    This should work in any OS if you don't see your computer listed. In EVERY OS BUT WINDOWS 10 you will only need to do it ONE TIME.
    Windows 10 as everyone knows is garbage if you don't see your computer listed like always.
    Click on Network, in the address bar type in the name of your computer hit enter.
    Like this: \\MYCOMPUTERNAME
    It is Windows 10 so you may need to do it three to five times. Everytime Windows 10 will say it's not there don't give up, don't
    bother with trouble shooter just keep pasting it in hitting enter. Then like magic the computer it couldn't find will appear! LOL Windows 10!

    As always any questions just ask!

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    OS's: LINUX Xubuntu 20.04 LTS x64 and Windows 10 Pro 2004.
      July 30, 2020 9:10 PM PDT